Cayenne is a chilli variety and is a subspecies of Capsicum Annuum. It is obtained from the dried fruit of the cayenne plant. Cayenne is derived from the word Kyinha, which comes from the Tupi language and means hot pepper. Cayenne powder is traditionally used in Asian cuisine to season and spice up dishes. The ripe red fruits are collected by hand. Then they are gently dried at less than 25 degrees Celsius to preserve the aroma and nutrients.